Currently, most of the cars use fuel. For the car to move from one point to combustion of fossil fuel has to occur. When fossil fuels are burnt, gases that affect the environment are released in the form of smoke (Byan, 2001). More than half of the air pollution that occurs is caused by vehicles. There has been an increase in the number of vehicles that are being used.
Among the major gases produced is carbon dioxide which is a greenhouse gas. This gas depletes the ozone layer. When the ozone layer is depleted, very strong sun rays reaches the earth’s surface bringing adverse effects to the people (Crutzen, 2007). Such effects include skin cancer. The gas also contributes to global warming. Due to global warming, the rain patterns become unpredictable (Balliett, 2010). For instance, severe drought or extreme rainfall may occur thus leading to the death of people. Lead, a component found in some brands of petrol, is also known to be a very dangerous metal to human beings.
A car uses many different fluids including motor oil, brake fluid and engine refrigerants. Most of these fluids are toxic to humans and pollute the waterways hence also destroying marine life if they are disposed irresponsibly (Koland, 2002). The fluids pick heavy toxic metals from the parts that undergo tear and wear thus making the very harmful to the environment upon which people solely depend for their survival.
Koland, O. (2002). Urban sprawl, car-related pollution and settlement structure: Insights from a two-region CGE model.
Balliett, J. F. (2010). Forests. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe.
Crutzen, P. J., & Ehhalt, D. H. (2007). Effects of nitrogen fertilizers and combustion on the stratospheric ozone layer.
Byan, B. (2001). Investigation of particulate formation during diesel spray combustion: CARS for diesel spray combustion. [Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy (CARS)].