Post Partum Education Paper Annotated Bibliography Example

Published: 2021-06-21 23:56:45
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Category: Education, Management, Literature, Medicine, Nursing, Study, Women, Pregnancy

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Annotated Bibliography

Anderson, J., & Etches, D. (2007). Prevention and management of postpartum hemorrhage. American Family Physician , 875 - 882.

The authors of this journal article in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology are two doctors trained in Family Medicine specialties. Their 8 page article focuses on the importance of vigilance in the management of the third stage of labor or the placental separation stage. Most of the hemorrhage episodes typically occur on this stage of labor. The authors emphasized the importance of uterotonic medications like oxytocin as a routine medication to help the uterus contract and stop a potential bleed. The two journal authors highlighted the fact that such an approach is better than expectant management or simply waiting for the problem to arise before an action is done.

Bouwmeester, F., Jonkhoff, A., Verheijen, R., & Herman, V. (2003). Successful Treatment of Life-Threatening Postpartum Hemorrhage With Recombinant Activated Factor VII.

This 2003 case study explores the experience of a 30 year old nulliparous woman who experienced a severe post partum hemorrhage. In this case study, Buowmeester and his colleagues noted that several measures to stop the bleeding have been done namely: suturing, ligation of the iliac arteries, uterine packing, and administration of uterotonic drugs, blood transfusion and subtotal hysterectomy. Despite all these interventions, the bleeding was not averted until the administration of Recombinant Activated Factor VII. Their case study is fairly limited but can provide an inspiration for further studies into the possibility of making Recombinant Activated Factor VII a new lifesaving intervention for postpartum hemorrhage unresponsive to traditional therapies.

Cardone, A., Zarcone, R., Visconti, S., Monteverde, A., Laezza, C., & Balbi, G. (2007). A new uterine suture technique for postpartum hemorrhage. Minerva Gynecologica , 343 - 346.

Cardone and his colleagues work at the Gynecology Department of a hospital in Italy. Their research on a new technique for conservative uterine suturing has been published in the journal of Minerva Gynecologica year 2007. The research is a case report on four women with post partum hemorrhage who agreed to undergo a new experimental technique of uterine sutures. The results revealed that the bleeding secondary to atonic uterus has stopped after the sutures were in place. All four women also had a subsequent pregnancy after this episode. Hence, Cardone's research is an important contribution to the knowledge of clinicians on effective and safe techniques on managing post partum hemorrhage.

Doumouchtsis, S., Papageorghiou, A., & Arulkumaran, S. (2007). Systematic review of conservative management of postpartum hemorrhage: what to do when medical treatment fails. Obstetric & Gynecological Survey, 540 - 547.

This 2007 document was published in the Obstetric & Gynecological Survey journal. It consists of a review of published researches regarding the effectiveness of different interventions used when medical management of Post partum hemorrhage fails to achieve bleeding control. The techniques of uterine packing and uterine artery ligation have proved to be effective in a large percent of the cases reviewed. However, there is still a need to conduct studies comparing the effectiveness of these methods through controlled trials. This will shed light on what the most important and effective action to take in order to guide clinicians working in obstetric health.

Gulfishan, H., & Subhana, T. (2005). Control of Postpartum and Post Abortal Haemorrhage with Uterine Packing. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association .

This study from two doctors on the Gynecology Department of Dow University of Health Sciences seeks to quantify the rationale behind the use of uterine packing for postpartum hemorrhage. Their sample of twenty women post vaginal or caesarian delivery who had post partum bleeding were given uterine packing for the alleviation of bleeding. The control of intractable uterine bleeding was seen in 17 out of the 20 samples. This could serve as a proof of the effectiveness of uterine packing and provide a rationale for this medical intervention.

Hackethal, A., Tcharchian, G., Ionesi-Pasacica, J., Muenstedt, K., Tinneberg, H., & Oehmke, F. (2009). Uterine surgery in postpartum hemorrhage. Minerva Ginecologica , 201 - 213.

Hackethal et al. are researchers in Germany who examined the different approaches to uterine surgery after an episode of atonic uterus postpartum. They discovered that the best way to perform surgery is according to the method of delivery. Caesarian methods work best with sutures and devascularization techniques and the vaginal delivery methods achieve a better prognosis through uterine packing. Their study enriches the knowledge base of clinicians on the best practice approaches to surgery post partum.

Hayman, R., Arulkumaran, S., & Steer, P. (2002). Uterine Compression Sutures: Surgical Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage. Obstetrics and Gynecology , 502 - 506.

The three authors of this 2002 journal article are all affiliated with a United Kingdom hospital. All three are specialists in maternal and fetal health. This journal article has a detailed recommendation on simplified ways to perform the B-lynch technique, a surgical suture procedure that could stop uterine hemorrhage. Through the said technique, the authors suggested that surgical compression sutures in the uterus will be more effective and fast. This is an important trend in surgical management because through this technique, the need to remove the entire uterus through a hysterectomy can be averted. Childbearing and self esteem of a woman will be preserved if this technique is widely taught.

Kadir, R., & LM, A. (2000). Obstetrical and gynaecological bleeding: a common presenting symptom. Clinical Laboratory and Haematology .

This article appeared in the October 2000 issue of Clinical Laboratory and Haematology. The researchers focused on the observation that bleeding is the usual symptom that prompts women to consult their obstetricians and gynecologists. Most of the bleeding episodes can be traced back to a gynecologic problem but in some rare instances, there are certain bleeding disorders that are at play. It is hard to pinpoint which women have a primary bleeding disorder because most of the time, the only presenting symptom is menorrhagia or excessive loss of blood during menstruation. These women with a primary bleeding disorder have greater chances at developing post partum hemorrhage during labor. Hence, their study suggests the need for testing women with menorrhagia for bleeding disorders in order to start bleeding control measures if they decide to get pregnant.

Kee, W. (2005). Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths: 50 years of closing the loop. British Journal of Anaesthesia , 413 - 416.

Kee's journal article in the 2005 edition of the British Journal of Anesthesia is a critical review commemorating the 50 year duration of the organization's critical review on cases of maternal deaths, starting from 1952. Every three years, the journal publishes a report on cases of maternal death all over UK and its related factors. This served as a broad basis for changing and updating various practices in order to decrease the maternal mortality rate. Among those changes that have resulted from the triennial inquiry report is the advocacy of regional anesthetics versus systemic ones and the slow administration of oxytocin to postpartum women.

Salvat, J., Schmidt, M., Guilbert, M., & Martino, A. (2002). Vascular ligation for severe obstetrical hemorrhage: review of the literature. Journal de Gynecologie , 629 - 639.

This 2002 review of literatures published in the Journal de Gynecologie Journal was conducted by surgeons assigned at the Obstetric and Oncologic Departments of their hospital. Their literature review focused on the possibility of vessel ligation as an alternative to total hysterectomy. The results of their study have concluded that vessel ligation is a safe and effective method to control bleeding while preserving the childbearing capacity of the woman at the same time.

Sergent, F., Resch, B., Verspyck, E., Rachet, B., Clavier, E., & L., M. (2004). Intractable postpartum haemorrhages: where is the place of vascular ligations, emergency peripartum hysterectomy or arterial embolization. Gynecologie, Obstetrique & Fertile , 320 - 329.

The 2004 literature review of various journals related to postpartum hemorrhage and ligation was done by these six French researchers. The results of this review revealed that embolization of the uterus and uterine artery ligation is almost a hundred percent effective in controlling bleeding from uterine atony. The journal article is an significant resource to guide the importance of proper techniques in performing the ligation process for uterine bleeding.

Schuurmans et al. (2000). Prevention and Management of Postpartum Haemorrhage. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada , 2-11.

This 10 page guidelines for managing postpartum hemorrhage appeared in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada. It consists of a detailed and step by step approach to managing this condition. Apart from an established flowchart of things to do from antepartum to postpartum, the greatest contribution of this piece of work is the 11 recommendation guidelines which changed clinical practice demands for clinicians. Many important recommendations like controlled cord traction on delivery to the routine administration of oxytocic medications are a product of these guidelines.

Soma, M., & Sabaratnam, A. (2009). Post-partum Haemorrhage. Obstetrics, Gynaecology & Reproductive Medicine , 121 - 126.

Soma and Sabaratnam are both professors at St. George's Hospital in London, United Kingdom. The two researched on the reasons behind the high mortality and morbidity rate from postpartum hemorrhage. Their report discovered that many of the deaths are preventable in nature and could negative consequences could have been reversed if early measures were done to address these issues. Suggestions brought about by this research focused on a more objective way of assessing blood loss and the creation of rapid response teams or other similar multidisciplinary team approach.

Srisailesh, V., Ioanna, T., & Zulqarnain, A. (2009). Use of Bakri balloon in post-partum haemorrhage: A series of 15 cases. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , 191 - 194.

The four researchers conducted their study at The Royal Oldham Hospital in United Kingdom. Due to the high possibility of a radical hysterectomy from failure of traditional medical management of post partum hemorrhage, these researchers studied the effectiveness of the Bakri balloon, a non surgical form of controlling bleeding from the uterus. The retrospective study of 15 patients who have undergone vaginal or caesarian delivery with intractable postpartum hemorrhage showed that the Bakri balloon was effective in all the vaginal delivery method and in 80% of the caesarian section. This sheds light on the possibility that such a procedure can save many post partum hemorrhage cases from undergoing a hysterectomy.

Tournet, G. (2004). Usefulness of a collecting bag for the diagnosis of post-partum hemorrhage. Journal de Gynecologie Obstetric Society Paris , 229 - 234.

The journal article is the result of a 3 month study on outpatient postpartal women in a hospital in France. Tournet et al, are professors and researchers at the Obstetric Ward of Hospital Noir, France. Their sample of 272 patients was subjected to a hematocrit laboratory test pre and post admission. They were all given a collecting bag, a plastic device used to collect blood post partum to provide an objective measure of measuring blood loss. Their study has determined the usefulness of the said method in order to avoid underestimating blood lost through delivery . Through more effective and objective means of determining blood loss, timely interventions to remedy the problem will be commenced.

References

Abdrabbo, S. (1994). Stepwise uterine devascularization: a novel technique for management of uncontrolled postpartum hemorrhage with preservation of the uterus. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 694 - 700.
Anderson, J., & Etches, D. (2007). Prevention and management of postpartum hemorrhage. American Family Physician, 875 - 882.
Bouwmeester, F., Jonkhoff, A., Verheijen, R., & Herman, V. (2003). Successful Treatment of Life-Threatening Postpartum Hemorrhage With Recombinant Activated Factor VII.
Cardone, A., Zarcone, R., Visconti, S., Monteverde, A., Laezza, C., & Balbi, G. (2007). A new uterine suture technique for postpartum hemorrhage. Minerva Gynecologica, 343 - 346.
Combs, C., Murphy, E., & Laros, R. (1991). Factors Associated with postpartum hemorrhage with vaginal birth. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 69 - 76.
Doumouchtsis, S., Papageorghiou, A., & Arulkumaran, S. (2007). Systematic review of conservative management of postpartum hemorrhage: what to do when medical treatment fails. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, 540 - 547.
Doumouchtsis, S., Papageorghiou, A., & Arulkumaran, S. (2007). Systematic review of conservative management of postpartum hemorrhage: what to do when medical treatment fails. Obstetric & Gynecological Survey, 540 - 547.
Gulfishan, H., & Subhana, T. (2005). Control of Postpartum and Post Abortal Haemorrhage with Uterine Packing. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association.
Hackethal, A., Tcharchian, G., Ionesi-Pasacica, J., Muenstedt, K., Tinneberg, H., & Oehmke, F. (2009). Uterine surgery in postpartum hemorrhage. Minerva Ginecologica, 201 - 213.
Hayman, R., Arulkumaran, S., & Steer, P. (2002). Uterine Compression Sutures: Surgical Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 502 - 506.
Kadir, R., & LM, A. (2000). Obstetrical and gynaecological bleeding: a common presenting symptom. Clinical Laboratory and Haematology.
Kee, W. (2005). Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths: 50 years of closing the loop. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 413 - 416.
Maier, R. (1993). Control of postpartum hemorrhage with uterine packing. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 317 - 321.
O'Briena et al. (1998). Rectally administered misoprostol for the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage unresponsive to oxytocin and ergometrine: a descriptive study. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 212 - 214.
Pelage, J., Dref, .., Mateo, J., Soyer, P., Jacob, D., & Kardache, M. (1998). Life-threatening primary postpartum hemorrhage: treatment with emergency selective arterial embolization. Radiology, 359 - 362.
Salvat, J., Schmidt, M., Guilbert, M., & Martino, A. (2002). Vascular ligation for severe obstetrical hemorrhage: review of the literature. Journal de Gynecologie, 629 - 639.
Schuurmans et al. (2000). Prevention and Management of Postpartum Haemorrhage. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, 2-11.
Sergent, F., Resch, B., Verspyck, E., Rachet, B., Clavier, E., & L., M. (2004). Intractable postpartum haemorrhages: where is the place of vascular ligations, emergency peripartum hysterectomy or arterial embolization. Gynecologie, Obstetrique & Fertile, 320 - 329.
Soma, M., & Sabaratnam, A. (2009). Post-partum Haemorrhage. Obstetrics, Gynaecology & Reproductive Medicine, 121 - 126.
Srisailesh, V., Ioanna, T., & Zulqarnain, A. (2009). Use of Bakri balloon in post-partum haemorrhage: A series of 15 cases. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 191 - 194.
Tournet, G. (2004). Usefulness of a collecting bag for the diagnosis of post-partum hemorrhage. Journal de Gynecologie Obstetric Society Paris, 229 - 234.

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